Wetland habitats comprise 20% of the park’s surface. The parks’ precarious past has seen wildlife virtually eliminated several times: firstly, in various attempts to rid the region of tsetse flies, then to make way for ranches, and finally as a result of subsistence poaching. 20% of the park’s entrance fee is used to fund local community projects such as building clinics and schools. Lake Mburo National Park is a compact gem, located conveniently close to the highway that connects Kampala to the parks of western Uganda. It is the smallest of Uganda’s savannah national parks and underlain by ancient Precambrian metamorphic rocks which date back more than 500 million years. It’s a home to 350 bird species as well as zebras, impalas, elands, buffalos, oribi, Defassa waterbuck, leopard, hippo, hyena, topi and reedbuck.

Together with 13 other lakes in the area, Lake Mburo forms part of a 50km-long wetland system linked by a swamp. Five of these lakes lie within the park’s borders. Once covered by open savanna, this supports the healthy population of Buffalos, Wathhog ,bushpig and hippopotamus. Lake Mburo National Park now contains much woodland as there are no elephants to tame the vegetation. In the western part of the park, the savanna is interspersed with rocky ridges and forested gorges while patches of papyrus swamp and narrow bands of lush riparian woodland line many lakes. Lake Mburo is notably blessed with over 315 bird species and probably the best place to view acacia-associated birds, Rwonyo is a good zone to see the mosque swallow, blackbellied bustard,bare-faced-go away bird and Ruppell’s starling. A handful of birds is recorded essentially the southern ground hornbill and black throated barbet.

Frequently Asked Questions

Bwindi Impenetrable national park lies in East Africa Uganda. It is located in southwestern Uganda. The park hosts the largest number of leftover mountain gorillas and this is why it was divided into two areas northern Bwindi and Southern Bwindi for management reasons.

The park lies at an altitude between 1160 meters and 2607 meters above sea level. This calls for hiking to locate mountain gorillas as one of the adventures of Bwindi Impenetrable National park.

Bwindi Forest is located in an area that receives rain at any time of the day about 2390 mm of rain per year.  Bwindi Impenetrable National park temperatures are between 7 degrees centigrade to -20 degrees centigrade.

Gorilla Trekking

Gorilla trekking is the highlight of Bwindi Impenetrable forest national park. A Gorilla trekking permit allows you to see the mountain gorillas but they are sold according to the area. Bwindi forest has 4 gorilla trekking areas that is Buhoma area the major administrative area, Ruhija area the, Rushaga area and Nkuringo area. Each area has gorilla families which are trekked by a maximum of 8 clients per day.

Birding In Bwindi Forest

Bwindi is the primary birding destination of Uganda and Africa. Over 350 bird species find a home in the forest including Albertine endemics. Keen birders have a chance to spot over 100 bird species a day. Some birds include Western Green Tinkerbird, Mountain Masked, and Chestnut-throated Apalis, African Hill Babbler, Collared Apalis, Rwenzori Batis, and white-tailed Crested Fly Catcher the list is endless.

Ruhija gorilla trekking area is a superb section of Bwindi for keen birders. The Mubwindi Swamp is the real deal for Birding in Uganda.

Primate walk In Bwindi

Apart from the mountain gorillas, Bwindi forest is home to several other primates including chimpanzees, black and white colobus, blue monkeys, grey-cheeked mangabey, vervet monkeys, red-tailed monkeys the list is endless.

A nature walk in Bwindi Forest national park

A number of tail choices are available for anyone interested in a walk in Bwindi forest including Munyanga river trail just below Buhoma which is a short walk to spot birds and several primates

Waterfall tail goes passed tree ferns going through beautiful falls

Rushura hill trail is the best spot for enjoying the western rift valley and providing a wonderful view of Lake Edward and Rwenzori mountains on a clear sunny day.

Muzabajiro loop tail goes through the summit of Rukubira hill giving out the most incredible view of Bwindi Canopy, Virunga Volcanoes in Mgahinga National Park and western Rift Valley.

Bwindi Community Walks

To incorporate the locals into the mountain gorilla conservations campaign as they benefit, some community walks are used to take travelers into the community. Proceed accrued are used to support the community need like road maintenance, upgrading schools, improve water supply to mention but a few. Some of the community walks include:

Buhoma Community Walk and Cultural Performances

Through the local authorities of Buhoma area, a 3 hours walk where tourists get to know day to day life of the villagers. Tourists take time off to visit the local banana brewer, visit a local home, have a chance with a traditional healer and as the day winds up enjoy an arranged local dance group performance.

Nkuringo Community Walk

The locals of Nkuringo area operate a community visit for interested clients where you get to interact with a local brewer, visit a local home stead, blacksmith and traditional healer. This is one way to promote community park co-operation in that even when the gorillas are go astray, the locals do not just kill them but feel the concern of telling the Authority.


By Road

Several alternative routes from Kampala the main capital are available by road transport. Although public transport is available for anyone heading to Bwindi, the stopovers are so many. You may end up arriving late night in Bwindi area yet even your property may have been misplaced. For such reasons we do not recommend public transport as you go to Bwindi for Gorilla trekking

Kampala to Kabale to Kanungu to Buhoma

From Kampala Main city to Kabale, one drives about 6 hours for 414 km from Kampala to Kabale. A continuous drive passed a winding marram road for approximately 120 km through Kanungu and Kanyantorogo.

Queen Elizabeth National Park to Kihihi to Buhoma

Heading for gorilla trekking after a game safari tour in Queen Elizabeth National Park takes about 5 hours to reach Bwindi Impenetrable Forest this is if you pass through Ishasha sector. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is about 160 km from Mweya and 64 km from Ishasha sector.  Ishasha is home to tree climbing lions and you need to make sure the Ishasha Bridge is in good shape.

Kampala to Ntungamo to Rukungiri to Kihihi to Buhoma

Using this road trip you take about 8 hours without stops. When departing Kampala you can use this direct route. Take a drive on the turmac road to Rukungiri for about 390 km head to a murram road for 82 km getting to Buhoma late hours of the evening only to check in and rest.

Kampala to Kabale to Ruhijah to Buhoma

Taking this road leads you through remote Kabale to Rujiha to Buhoma for 95 km . The road network is in bad shape.

Kampala to Kabale to Nkuringo

When you drive from Kabale to Nkuringo it takes approximately 150 km for about 4 hours on a winding murram road.

One may decide to take a break in Kisoro even have accommodation here prior to gorilla trekking. This drive from Kabale to Kisoro is 80 km. Driving from Kisoro to NKuringo gorilla trekking area is 35km so one can overnight in Kisoro drive early morning to do gorilla trekking the next day. This drive takes about 1hour and thirty minutes.

By Air to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Kajjansi Air strip and Entebbe Airport operate domestic daily flights that fly to Kihihi Airstrip in the morning and afternoon. You need to secure a seat in advance because most times the flights are over booked especially the peak seasons. Charter flights can be arranged too upon request.

Ensure to book transfer vehicle because Kihihi Airstrip is about 1 hour and 30 minutes away from the park headquarters.

The Bwindi Forest Versus Volcanoes Park gorilla trekking question keeps popping but experience in both is fantastic. Bwindi National Park has a variety of gorilla trekking families compared to Volcanoes so you have a number of choices to select from because of its vast area. Volcanoes National Park may not be as large as Bwindi but its gorilla families are charming too.

The Bwindi gorilla trekking permit costs $700 per person per trek but the distance to get to Bwindi from Entebbe airport is about 8 hours on the Road. Volcanoes National Park gorilla trekking permits cost $ 1500 per person per trek but the time and distance from Kigali airport is about 2 hours and half

Tracking boots that can support you while hiking to locate the mountain gorillas

A flash-less camera to take photos and keep memories of being face to face with the gentle giants.

Rainproof gears to protect you from getting wet when it rains. The bwindi forest receives rains without any time.

Long-sleeved shirt and trousers with dirty friendly colors to go through the boggy jungle

Toiletries even if most lodges provide, it is best to have your own just in case.

Insect repellant as the forest harbors a number of insects including stingers

A pair of binoculars to get a clearer view of forest dwellers like birds, and monkeys that may be up the very tall trees.

All year round Bwindi impenetrable forest is open for visits, especially gorilla trekking and birding.

The drier months June to September and December of Bwindi Forest are friendlier because of the passable trails in the forest and less undergrowth especially when gorilla trekking. The ground is not so boggy too.

For this and more frequently asked questions about Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, feel free to contact us.

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